Elements and Meaning of Direction
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Elements and Meaning of Direction

Elements and meaning of direction Directing concerns the total manner in which a manager influences the action of his subordinates. The process of directing function involves the following four elements: (1) Supervision: This refers to the guidance and control of subordinates in the performance of their tasks. Supervision is an important part of direction function of management. Supervision assures that the work is being done in accordance with the plans and instructions.

Elements and meaning of direction

Directing concerns the total manner in which a manager influences the action of his subordinates.

The process of directing function involves the following four elements:

(1) Supervision: This refers to the guidance and control of subordinates in the performance of their tasks. Supervision is an important part of direction function of management. Supervision assures that the work is being done in accordance with the plans and instructions. It helps the subordinates in solving their work-related problems. Effective supervision ensures greater output of high quality. It assists subordinates the way their tasks are to be performed.

(2) Motivation: This is an act of stimulating individuals to get a desired course of action. Motivation activities individuals’ action for the achievement of organizational goals. Motivation stimulates to act. Higher motivation leads to job satisfaction of employees and makes them committed to the organization. It energizes individuals to work more. A successful manager can motivate employees properly to work harmoniously for the attainment of organizational goal. A manager motivates subordinates to follow his instructions and work accordingly in the given direction.

(3) Leadership: This is an important element of the directing process (i.e., to lead and guide the activities of subordinates).Leadership is the process of influencing the behavior of subordinates to work willingly for the achievement of the organizational goal. Managers, at all levels, act as leaders because they have subordinates who follow them. The success of an organization depends to a great extent on the quality of leadership. A successful leader can influence people to act willingly with confidence and zeal for mutual benefits. A leader guides and educates his subordinates the way of doing a given job.

(4) Communication: This is an act conveying information from one person to another. Communication refers to the exchange of ideas, feeling, emotions, knowledge and information between two or more persons. Communication is an important element of directing process. A manager tells his subordinates what to do, how to do and when to do. He issues orders and instructions to his subordinates regarding the work being performed by them. He guides and educates subordinates the way of performing a given job. This is achieved by the process of communication. The success of business depends upon the effectiveness of communication. Communication facilitates directing function by providing proper interaction between managers and their subordinates. It improves superior-subordinates relationship by providing opportunities to employees to express their opinions and view points.

 

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Good explation
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