Difference Between Leadership and Management
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Difference Between Leadership and Management

Leaders and managers are not seen as separate entities any more. Variety of research carried out on both management and leaderhsip has found that managers with leadership qualities have workforce that is higly motivational, innovative and visionary.

The difference between leadership and management has long been debated and although the distinction between them is quite blur, it is important to know that within management leadership is just one function of the manager. The importance of leadership has grown with time and it is considered as an integral element for effective manager.

The big difference between manager and leader is how they motivate people who work for them. The managers aim at getting their work done through the people who work for them, the people thus working are subordinates. Leaders on other hand do focus at getting the work done but they also inspire the people who work under them. The major focus of leader is to win and buy the hearts of people who work under them and thus they indeed have followers not subordinates.

According to Warren Bennis “there is profound difference between management and leadership but both are important; to manage means to bring about, to accomplish, to have charge of or responsibility to conduct. Leading is influencing, guiding in a direction, course, action, opinion. The distinction is crucial”.

In his book “On Becoming a Leader”, he describes how managers differ from leaders. Some of the important points he put forward are as below

? The manager is a copy; leader is original

? The manager maintains; leader develops

? The manager accepts status quo: the leader challenges it

? The manager administers; the leader innovates

? The manager has his or her eye on the bottom line; the manager has his or her eye on the horizon

? The manager has a short range view; the leader has long term perspective

? The manager focuses on system and structure; the leader focuses on people

? The manager relies on control; the leader inspires trust

? The manager does the thing right; the leader does the right thing

It is important to note though that leadership is just one facet of management. A manager performs variety of functions. Many books describe these five functions as important for managers.

? Planning

? Organizing

? Staffing

? Directing

? Controlling

Leadership is just one important component of the directing function. So a manager cannot only be a leader but he needs formal authority to be effective. A leadership without management will only set a direction or vision that others have to follow but it will not stress too much on how the new direction or vision set is going to be achieved. On the other hand, in management without leadership manager maintains the status quo, control resources and ensure that thing happen according to already established plan.

Traditionally it was argued that leadership is only a born quality and it can’t be learnt. However, recent research suggests that leaders can be made and there are examples of such leaders who have been more successful then those born with innate leadership qualities.

In conclusion, managers and leaders have entirely different way of getting the things done. It doesn’t mean that one is better than other but there are certain distinct differences. However, the important thing to remember is that both management and leadership can be learnt. Learning the leadership skills can help managers emerge as successful leaders too and same is true for leaders who can learn management skills to become effective managers.

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Comments (1)

interesting article.I like it.thanks